We’ve designed our approach to portfolio scoring to give you more confidence and clarity in the way that your money is invested. But we also understand that when it comes to socially responsible investing, the detail matters. Just how and why are some companies included, but others left out? Here, we dig into the methodology, helping you understand exactly how certain industries and companies come to be excluded from our socially responsible portfolios.
How do industry exclusions work?
The clearest way to set this out is to show you the industries that, at a minimum, are always excluded from funds held in Nutmeg’s socially responsible portfolios.
- Businesses with significant exposure to the tobacco industry, either as a producer or distributor
- Companies involved in the production of nuclear weapons
- Companies involved in the production of controversial weapons such as landmines, cluster bombs or chemical and biological weapons.
However, it’s important to note that the types of companies excluded will differ between funds.
It’s also worth noting that this is a minimum commitment, and that many of the funds we use may employ much wider exclusions than this, for example prohibiting:
- Companies that produce alcohol
- Companies that produce adult entertainment
- Companies with significant involvement in the gambling industry
- Companies with significant involvement in the nuclear power industry
- Companies with significant exposure to the civilian firearms industry, either as a producer or through distribution
- Companies that derive significant revenue from activities involving genetic modification.
What does this mean at an individual company level?
At first glance, it might appear simple – if a company makes a certain product or is reliant on a certain industry that’s in the exclusion criteria, it should be excluded. But underneath each decision to exclude a company is a deep analysis of company revenues, supply chains and activities – and the end result may surprise you.
Tesco is currently excluded from the MSCI socially responsible investment indices that support Nutmeg’s approach to socially responsible investing (SRI). The retailer is a household name in UK, operating over 3,400 stores and employing over 300,000 people in the UK alone. However, Tesco fails to feature in the MSCI socially responsible indices for a number of reasons.
Firstly, Tesco is assessed for its involvement in major controversies and its adherence to international norms and principles. Here, Tesco doesn’t score well, indicating that the company has been involved in one or more recent severe structural controversies that are ongoing. The score is low enough that Tesco falls short of the minimum standard to be included in the MSCI socially responsible indices.
While the controversy issues alone would be enough to prevent the company from entering the portfolio, Tesco also generates approximately 8% of its annual revenue from the sales and distribution of tobacco. That’s higher than the 5% allowed under the methodology behind this index, so the company also isn’t eligible to be included on this basis.
As with all investing, your capital is at risk. The value of your portfolio with Nutmeg can go down as well as up and you may get back less than you invest.