Whether you choose to invest in a stocks and shares ISA depends on your personal circumstances. You’ll need to think about what your goals are, how long you’re able to put the money away for, and how you feel about taking the risks associated with investing your money. You’ll need to decide whether investing in a stocks and shares ISA, saving in a cash ISA, or having one of each is right for you. You can also get a Lifetime ISA, which comes in cash or stocks and shares varieties, or an Innovative Finance ISA, which are typically used to invest in peer-to-peer lending and crowdfunding.
Here we’re going to look at the stocks and shares ISA in more detail.
A stocks and shares ISA offers the possibility of better returns in the long run compared to saving in cash. The money you invest is linked to the performance of the stock market and other asset types such as property. These investments, if they do well, have the potential to grow more than the interest rate you could get with a cash account.
But, as with all investing, the potential of higher returns in a stocks and shares ISA comes with a greater level of risk: while the value of your investment may go up, there’s always a risk that it could go down. This means you could get back less than the amount you originally invested.
Before investing in a stocks and shares ISA, you need to be aware of your personal attitude to risk and understand that there’s a chance you may lose money.
As with all investing, it’s recommended that you invest your money in a stocks and shares ISA for at least three years, and you keep your money invested for as long as possible. Staying invested for longer allows your investment to grow and to better weather any market volatility. This maximises the potential of increased returns over time.
On the other hand, for your short-term goals and emergency funds, saving in cash may be a better and safer option. If you have cash savings, you’ll get all your money back plus any interest it may have earned. However, this security comes at a cost. The average interest rate offered for cash savings, including cash ISAs, is currently quite low, so your savings won’t grow by much over time. What’s more, low interest rates coupled with higher inflation may actually mean that, over time, the real value of your money goes down.
Investing in a stocks and shares ISA could be a good choice for you if:
And, don’t forget the tax benefits. If you are planning to invest money, investing in a stocks and shares ISA will help you protect any profit or interest earned from tax. In addition, if you’re a higher-rate or additional-rate taxpayer, you’ll also be able to protect dividends from tax.
If you’re thinking about investing in a stocks and shares ISA, why don’t you use our ISA calculator to see how much a Nutmeg ISA could potentially be worth in 20 years.