In short, dividends reward shareholders by giving them a cut of the company’s profits. But there’s more to it than that. They can be of great benefit to portfolios in the long-term, especially when re-invested – that’s why they form a crucial part of our investment management strategy at Nutmeg.
In the second quarter of this year UK companies paid out the largest ever share dividend, totalling £25.3bn1. US firms are also keen to reward their shareholders – 92 of them, including Coca-Cola, Walmart and Procter & Gamble, have increased their dividends for 25 or more consecutive years2. But why are these dividends so important and how can they be best utilised by investors?
Dividend payments are the shareholder’s ‘share’ of the company’s annual profits. The amount you’ll receive depends on how many shares you hold. People buy shares in companies not just to make a return by selling them at a higher price in the future, but to receive a good, regular dividend.
Dividends can make up a large chunk of the return you can get from investing in a company and for that reason are seen by many investors as a key reason for owning stock. On the flip side, a high dividend in relation to the price of a company’s stock (known as the dividend yield) can serve as a warning that the company’s share price might be depressed for some reason, or that the dividend will be cut, so it acts as an indicator of a company’s future growth prospects.
Re-investing dividends has been a really powerful driver of stock market returns. The graph below shows the staggering difference between an investor who re-invests dividends to one who doesn’t. Investing £100 in 1970 would now be worth £140, without re-investing the dividends – that’s after inflation is taken into account. But when re-investing those dividends back in to the market, that £100 would be worth an incredible £827 (again, after inflation). Put another way, the annual compound return for UK equities with dividends re-invested was 5.0% per annum after inflation, but just 0.8% p.a. without dividends3.
Source: Macrobond, MSCI UK Net Total Return and Price Return indices, 1st January 1971–30th July 2013
Even recently, while the UK stock market is still 3% below the level we saw before the financial crisis, with dividends re-invested the total return since June 2007 is in fact +22%, beating cash returns over the same period4.
Dividends at Nutmeg
Dividends are a cornerstone of our investment management strategy at Nutmeg. The vast majority of the funds we invest in for Nutmeg customers pay income – that is, dividends from equity funds and income from fixed interest funds. These dividends are automatically re-invested back in to our customers’ portfolios in our monthly rebalancing process, without any extra charge.
Risk warning: As with all investing, your capital is at risk. The value of your portfolio with Nutmeg can go down as well as up and you may get back less than you invest. Past or future performance indicators are not a reliable indicator of future performance.
1. Capita UK Dividend Monitor Issue 16 – 22nd July 2013
2. Financial Times, Investors cash in on UK dividends boom – 26th October 2012
3. Nutmeg calculations using data from Macrobond based on MSCI UK indices, 1st January 1971–30th July 2013. Figures exclude fees but are net of withholding tax on dividends.
4. Nutmeg calculations using data from Macrobond, MSCI UK indices, Bank of England data on average ‘sight’ deposit rates and the Consumer Price Index, 1st June 2007-30th July 2013. The return on cash deposits was 9.0% compared to a 19.9% gain in consumer prices